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Gemstone & Natural Stone Library


Abalones are molluscks not gemstones. However, they are prized for their glorious iridescent play of colors that ranges from pearly white to pink and even golden shades.

Though formed from tiny particles of soft, chalk-like materials, they are very hard and very tough; difficult to break.

These beautiful shells, flashing colors of the rainbow, are thought to help bring the body into balance. From a spiritual perspective, they offer comfort to the sorrowing heart.

Prized by many cultures, they were used by Native Americans in certain rituals. It has been suggested that when you are troubled or fearful or lacking the strength to speak your mind – take a piece of abalone and let the light play with it causing rainbow reflections and you will be healed and calmed and restored to a healthy and energized balance.



Agate is a form of chalcedony quartz that forms in concentric layers in a remarkable variety of colors and textures. Each individual agate forms by filling a cavity in a host rock. As a result, agate is often found as a round nodule, with bands resembling the rings on tree trunks. The bands sometimes look like eyes, fanciful scallop shapes, or even a landscape with trees.

The name “agate” is derived from its discovery at the Achates River in southwestern Sicily. Agate is found all over the world including: Africa, Asia, Brazil, Egypt, Germany, India, Italy, Mexico, Nepal, and the USA.

It is the Mystical birthstone for September. It is also the birthstone for the Zodiac sign of Gemini. It is prized for its fineness of grain and brightness of color.

Agate, historically, was believed to quench thirst and protect against fever. Persian magicians used agate to divert storms. The metaphysical and healing properties of agate are thought to be: courage, protection, healing and calming. Historically, it was placed in water for cooking or drinking, to dispel sickness.



Amazonite is a gem variety of feldspar and is usually polished as a cabochon. It displays a “Schiller” light which is caused by inclusions – lustrous reflections from planes in a mineral grain and similar to what is more commonly known as iridescence. The schiller is caused by a feature of the stone’s crystal structure. The stone is arranged in layers that causes an interference effect of light.

Amazonite is found in the United States, Brazil, Zimbabwe, Russia, Australia, Namibia. It is usually light green to blue-green, mottled and sometimes contains light striations.

This lovely stem-opaque stone was used extensively by the Egyptians and was called “the stone of courage.” It is said to have been named after the Amazon women warriors.

It is thought to enhance creative expression, aligns astral bodies, unifies the life force, and improves self worth. It is sometimes called the “hope stone” because it is thought to inspire confidence and hope. One source suggests that it is useful to activate lazy teenagers.



Amber is one of the birthstones listed for the Sun Sign for Taurus. Deposits of amber have been discovered that range from 360 and one million years ago and belong between the Carboniferous and Pleistocene geological periods. Syrupy resin oozed from ancient pine trees encasing small insects, plant material, feathers and other small objects, as it flowed down the trunk of the tree. Over time, the resin was encased in dirt and debris and through a process of heat and pressure it fossilized to become amber.

One of the things that increase the value of amber, is the rarity and perfection of the entrapped object. Amber can range in color from dark brown to a light, almost clear lemony yellow. Most amber that is used in jewelry designs come from the Baltic Sea or the Dominican Republic.

Because of its ancient character, amber is thought to have many healing properties. They include love, strength, luck, healing, and protection. They are thought to bring humor and joy to one’s life and strengthen the physical body. In jewelry designs, the light weight quality of amber, makes it perfect for the addition of other stones and/or precious metal and for layering, as it does not become too heavy for comfortable wear.



Amethyst is a violet/purple variety of quartz often used in jewelrymaking and to decorate and add value to items such as chalices and bowls, and even, clothing.

The name “amethyst” comes from Ancient Greek and means, “intoxicated.” The color of amethyst is caused by iron impurities. If heated, amethyst turns yellow-orange, yellow-brown, or dark brownish and resembles the quartz variety gem known as citrine.

Amethyst is the official birthstone for February. One of the famous stars you might see wearing amethyst as her birthstone, is Cheryl Crow. It is also the birthstone for the Zodiac sign of Pisces. Amethyst is the most valued member of the quartz family. It must be purple to be an amethyst but, it can range from deep purple shades to light lilac, lavender, and mauve.

Amethyst can occur as crystals that are six sided on either end. It also forms as Drusy, which are crystalline crusts covering the host rock. It is found inside geodes and in alluvial deposits all around the world.

Historically, amethyst has been used to guard against drunkenness and is thought to be helpful in overcoming addiction. It has been used for hearing disorders, insomnia, headaches and other pain. It is worn to make the wearer gentle and amiable.

The powers of amethyst include: dreams, healing, peace, love, spiritual joy, courage, psychism, protection against harm, and the bestowing of happiness.



Ametrine is doubly blessed with power having both the elements of amethyst and citrine to call upon.  In ancient times it was believed that the “cosmos were reflected in gemstones.”  Ametrine is associated with Jupiter, Mercury, Neptune and Pluto. 

They have been used throughout the ages by healers.  Wearing the stone directly against the skin or placing it on a part of the body that is in pain or troubled, is thought to bring relief.  Many healers believe that it is most effective when dealing with headaches and backaches. 


Antique Silver

The pure liquid quality of silver, its brilliant ability to reflect light and striking beauty, have made it a metal of choice for jewelry makers throughout the centuries. Calmer and more reserved than gold, silver is believed to enhance and heighten the power of the stones it is paired with; making their healing and spiritual qualities more powerful.

Historically, silver was used very early on as a container for liquid, as it was discovered that it stayed fresher and purer than liquids stored in containers made of other materials. It is thought that a Persian King, Cyrus the Great (550-529BC) concerned for his people’s health, instructed that all drinking water be stored in silver vessels. Even today, silver is an important part of contemporary religious rituals.

Silver has been mined for over a thousand years from areas around the world. The largest piece of silver ever mined, weighed 1,840 pounds and was taken out of a mine in Aspen, Colorado.

Silver has been associated with the moon and is thought to reflect negativity back to the sender and has been worn as a magical form of protection for hundreds of years. Many people believe that silver can act as an antibacterial agent and that it can, in fact, boost the immune system. Some people even believe that ingesting silver (adding it as a purifying agent to water) will be beneficial and aid digestion. It is thought to help strengthen and channel the energy of particular gems such as: turquoise, amethyst, moonstone, and carnelian (to name a few.) Its energy is associated with water and it is paired with the Deities, Isis, Diana and Luna.

Its Zodiac sign is the moon and it is associated with the star sign Cancer.



Apatite, though not commonly used in jewelry making, is nevertheless prized by collectors who greatly admire the multiple colors and forms it comes in.

Apatite, like a rainbow, can display a range of colors from colorless to pink, yellow, green, blue and violet. 

There is very little to be found in the literature, which offers any insight into the metaphysical or healing properties of Apatite.  It has not been assigned to any Zodiac sign and has not been associated with healing.



Aquamarine is the birthstone of March as adopted by the American National Association of Jewelers in 1912. It is also the birthstone for the Zodiac sign of Scorpio.

The gemstone aquamarine is a member of the beryl family and ranges in color from an almost clear pale blue to blue-green or even teal. The most prized color is the deep-blue aqua reminiscent of tropical waters.

The most valuable stones come from Brazil but, it is also mined in Kenya, Nigeria, Madagascar, Afghanistan, and Russia.

Aquamarines that are used for jewelry making today are often faceted but, when cut as a cabochon, they may display a cat’s eye effect that is known as asterism. Some of these gemstones are heated to very high temperatures to create and enhance the clarity and color of the stone. Once put through this process, the change is permanent.

These enchanting stones have been associated with many spiritual and physical legends of healing and enhanced powers. They are thought to endow the wearer with foresight and courage and, to increase intelligence and to restore youthfulness. Their healing properties were thought to be useful in lessening anxiety and in the Middle Ages, it was believed that this gemstone would reduce the effect of poisons. Another interesting belief was that if sailors wore them they would be protected and the stone would eliminate the effects of sea-sickness.



Aventurine is the Star Sign for Libra and the Planetary stone of Taurus. Aventurine is a translucent to opaque variety of microcrystalline quartz. It has small deposits of bright minerals which give the stone a sparkling effect known as “aventurescence”. The variety of colors this stone comes in can be attributed to inclusions of mica (a silvery sheen) or hematite (a reddish or grayish sparkle.) There is an artist’s palette of colors available for jewelry designs: green, peach, brown, blue and a creamy green.

Aside from its popularity with jewelry designers, it is also used to enhance the beauty of bowls, vases, and figurines.

Aventurine is found in India, Chile, Spain, Russia, Brazil, Austria, and Tanzania.

It is interesting that the name for the stone is derived from an accident. Sometime during the 18th century, Venetian glass workers were preparing molten glass we=hen copper filings accidentally fel into the atch producing a glass with sparkles. The name aventurine comes from the Italian “a ventura” which means “by chance.” This widely used stone is thought to be a lucky talisman and is often used by gamblers to bring them luck.

As a healing stone, it is amazingly inclusive, treating everything from stress to a troubled spirit. It was also thought to help develop confidence, imagination and improve prosperity. It is a calming stone that brings the wearer, inner peace.



Bronzite is a delightfully chocolate brown colored gemstone that often has an array of golden swirls interspersed giving it a wonderfully “alive and glowing” quality.  An appreciation for this extraordinary stone goes back to Roman days.  It is said that the Romans thought bronzite could protect them from confusion and mental illness. Bronzite is found deep within the earth and has acquired a bronze-like metallic gleam on its surface. 

As an iron-bearing stone, it is thought to be very powerful and protective of the wearer.  Many people believe that bronzite will help protect the skin from aging and will successfully treat issues like rashes and other skin related ailments.  Bronzite is not a traditional birthstone for any particular month, nor does it have any particular star sign.



It is thought by some that the name “carnelian” comes from a “variety of cherry quartz known as kornel.”  The history of carnelian is truly ancient as the stone was used by the Romans to make rings to be used as seals on letters and documents.  Interestingly, wax does not adhere to the surface of carnelian so it was perfect for the task. 

Carnelian is even mentioned in the Bible as being forged into the Breastplate of Aaron and is listed in the Arabic, Hebrew and Roman tables.  It is the Zodiac sign for Virgo.  This long history of carnelian is also associated with the idea that it was a “lucky” stone and would protect the wearer from calamities, such as: falling buildings and collapsing walls.  Used as a good luck charm in Greece and Babylonia, it is thought to bring a measure of peace and joy to the wearer.  It is believed that Mohammed wore a ring that contained a carnelian seal and so, is particularly highly thought of in the Muslim culture. 

Carnelian is also associated with Napoleon who, it is said, highly prized a carnelian seal he found during a campaign in Egypt.


Cat’s Eye

Cat’s Eye comes in a rainbow of colors ranging from golden yellow, yellow with brown, green with red, and pink. There are cavities within the stone that enables the stone to resemble a cat’s eye.

The qualities that are associated with Cat’s Eye are numerous and include: determination, strength, steadfastness, intelligence, knowledge, tenacity, courage, vigor and self control. It is not surprising that it is thought to help heal eye disorders and its gentle presence offers a protective energy.

It is associated with a positive attitude and is thought to bring happiness and serenity to the wearer.



Chalcedony come in a wide variety of colors: red-orange, apple-green, blue or lavender, black, and deep green with red. Each stone my have a myriad of colors while others, may appear solid in color.

Like carnelian, chalcedony was used as far back as in early Mesopotamia (7th century B.C.) to fashion cylindrical seals. It has also been used for centuries, in carvings, fashioning jewelry such as cameos and intaglios.



Though it looks a great deal like turquoise, chrysocolla is a very different stone and is comprised of different mineral elements and a very different spiritual and mystical aura.

Thought of, for centuries, as a stone of peace and reassurance, Chrysocolla was used by people in ancient Egypt as a stone of conciliation and compromise. Worn, or kept in a fold of one’s garment, it was brought to high level meetings and to places where decisions were made, in order to help people come to a better understanding of one another. It was also believed that Chrysocolla could absorb violence rendering people more peaceful and amenable to accommodating one another rather than using force to achieve their ends.

It is said that Queen Cleopatra Chrysocolla with her everywhere she went both as protection and, as a way of persuading people to accept her views and acquiesce to her demands.

Rarely mined today, Chrysocolla is none-the-less treasured by many as a stone of great beauty and, great value. It is prized for its lovely bright green to slightly bluish color tones and for the way it clusters into what looks very much like grapes, as it forms. When discovered, it often is mixed with malachite, turquoise and azurite and is so hard that it can easily be polished or cut into cabochons.

It is thought that Chrysocolla has many healing powers including, strengthening resistance and calming inner turmoil. It is also thought to help with the healing of burns.

Its Zodiac sign is Venus and it is not associated with any month as a birthstone. It is the stone of Taurus, Aquarius, Libra and Cancer.



Chyrsoprase has an apple green color and is made up of mostly chalcedony (quartz.) This sparkling green color, reminiscent of a Granny Smith apple, is due to the nickel content it contains. Interestingly, this means that if overexposed to too much sunlight, the color of the stone might fade.

The name chyrsoprase is from the Greek “chyrsos” which means “gold” and “prason” which means “bloom.” This name was used to describe the stone and the small inclusions of golden drops that can be seen within it.

This glorious gemstone can be found in Australia, Brazil, the Ural Mountains and in the United States.

The stone has been used for centuries by jewelry makers due to its beautiful complexion and wonderful reflective qualities and was often mistaken for imperial jadeite, due in large part to their similar coloring.

The fact that chyrsoprase is composed of fine crystals so minute that they can not be seen as individual particles, even under magnification, sets this beautiful stone apart from other rock crystals, such as; amethyst, citrine and other crystalline quartz.

Its healing properties are thought to be, that it can strengthen eyes, staunch blood flow from a wound and relieve the pain of rheumatism. It is thought that its healing potential works best when the stone is worn or placed on the affected area for long periods of time.

Its energy is receptive and its element is the earth. Its powers are believed to bring happiness, luck, success, friendship, protection, healing and money. Its Zodiac sign is Venus.



This beautiful golden stone was named after the French word for lemon (citron.) Citrines do have a range of colors that include yellow to gold to orange to orange-brown to shades of red.

The ancients thought that citrine had protective powers and would save them from the deadly consequences of snake venom and the evil eye. Citrine was assigned to the planet Mercury.

This highly prized gemstone is thought to provide healing powers when applied directly to the painful or debilitated part of the body, right up against the skin. In particular, it is thought to be quite helpful in easing backache.



Fashioned into beads and hand painted, clay has become an interesting and much utilized jewelry making component.

Clay comes in a wide variety of natural colors such as red, green, gray, white, and has a multitude of textures ranging from coarse like rough sand, to very fine and light. Clay has been used medicinally for centuries by indigenous people. It has also been widely used in cosmetic applications: mud baths and mud facials are quite popular in spas around the world.

Externally, clay absorbs excess oils, dirt and toxins from the skin while exfoliating, refreshing and improving circulation. It is interesting to note that some clay (Bentonite clay) is edible. It is used to heal both external and internal ills. In a particular spa in Morocco, very fine grained clay from ancient deposits in the fertile Atlas Mountains, has been used for over 1400 years as a skin conditioner, soap, and shampoo.



Copper is an essential metal and its discovery dates back to prehistoric times. There are records of copper items being found in Iraq that date back to around 9000BC. As long ago as 5000BC, method were developed for refining copper and 1000 years later, it was being form into pottery in North Africa.

Copper is such a popular metal because it is a good conductor of heat and electricity, it is malleable and it has a lovely, bright, metallic sheen. It is also one of the elements “which has an alchemical symbol.” Alchemy is an ancient pursuit concerned with the turning of metals into gold.

From a healing perspective, copper is an antioxidant which, when combined with vitamin C, seeks out damaging particles in the body called “free radicals.” These free radicals can damage cell walls, interact with genetic material and contribute to the aging process.

Used for centuries, it is believed that by placing copper close to, or up against, the skin, a small amount of the essential elements will be absorbed through the skin benefitting the liver, spleen and lymphatic system.

The astrological signs for copper are Taurus and Sagittarius. As a footnote, copper is known by some as the “love metal” as it is thought to make us more receptive to love energies.



A small group of “gems” are not stones at all. Rather than being formed from minerals, they are a crystalline structure formed from biological processes, either animal or vegetable. Coral, amber, jet, ivory and pearl form this grouping.

Gem quality coral is related to reef-forming corals (marine animals known as coral polyps) and the most valuable of these, is found in the Mediterranean, Red Sea and in the waters off the coast of Japan.

The colors of these corals range from bright to dark red – to orange-red, orange-pink, pink, white, blue and black. Coral achieves its lovely luster from polishing.

Samples of coral jewelry have been found in ancient Egypt and even in prehistoric European burial sites.



Crystals come in many shapes and sizes, textures and colors. They have, for generations, been used as healing stones. In fact, many “healers” use crystal wands to treat their patients. Individual crystals are thought to have different healing properties and are used in different rituals for a variety of physical, spiritual, and metaphysical enhancements. In general, crystals are used to empower the individual, helping to create a better physical and mental balance, release tension, negative energy and fearful thoughts, and strengthen the body and the spirit. There are, literally, hundreds of different crystal formations and each one has its own special qualities used to protect, preserve, heal, enhance and energize the individual.



A Drusy is, in essence, a grouping of silicon crystals that come together and form on geodes.  Most commonly, it can be found along with gemstones such as; carnelian, garnet, turquoise, malachite, and chrysocolla.  This is not an all-inclusive list.  The tiny crystals that comprise a Drusy, resemble sugar crystals.  Drusy come in many colors and combinations of colors.  Primarily, they seem to prefer showing off earth tones. 

Since a Drusy forms on gemstones, its metaphysical and/or healing properties are closely associated with the stone it is attached to.  In general, Drusy are thought to help calm the spirit and relieve depression.  It is said to help the wearer relax and find a place where they are free of stress and anxiety.  Some believe, this earthy element, can heal mental and emotional illness.  The Drusy is associated with the Zodiac and astrological sign of whatever gem it is attached to.




The extraordinary green color that typifies the beauty, intensity, and fire that is an emerald, comes from the presence of chromium and vanadium.  Rarely does one find an emerald that has no imperfections.  In order to minimize the imperfections and enhance the brilliance, stones may be put through a process called “oiling.”  Also, perfectly cut emeralds are much less likely to have visible imperfections.  We have learned from ancient myth that the emerald was closely tied to the planet Mercury, the messenger of the Gods.  Mercury was also the God of travel – protecting travels from harm on their journeys.  It would seem to follow then, that emeralds are thought to be the Travelers Protection Stone. 

Some actually thought that emeralds could “bleed” as they may, in fact, excrete a small amount of water when subjected to high temperatures.  This phenomenon, as you might well imagine, gave rise to many dramatic and spiritual implications.  It is thought that the Hermetic philosophy and alchemy originate from the Emerald Table of Hermes.  “One legend believes that the text was carved into emerald stone by Hermes and placed into the King’s Chamber of the Great Pyramid of Cheops.  The profound symbolisms of these tablets are the cornerstone of many modern day esoteric principles such as alchemy and magick.  Additionally, scholars such as Plato, Pythagoras and Isaac Newton have all studied these writings.”  Emerald is the birthstone of May and astrologically, is the stone of Taurus and Gemini.



Like a profusely blooming flower garden, fluorite comes in a variety of colors that range from brown, pink, black to reddish-orange to blue, green, yellow, and even clear. It is often called “The Most Colorful Mineral in the World!”

The word fluorite is derived from the Latin verb meaning “to flow.” It has been used since Roman times to prevent drunkenness and was even ground into a powdery mixture and mixed with water or other liquids, during the 18Th century, to treat kidney ailments.Many specimens of the mineral fluorite display “fluorescence” under ultraviolet light. Interestingly, it is the word fluorescence that was termed from the stone ‘fluorite,” and not the other way around. The most vibrant and available of fluorite colors are violet. It often outshines even amethyst with its rich, purple hue. Collectors seek out the rarer colors such as: black (which is formed through exposure to radiation during the growth of crystals, and colorless) – though particularly beautiful, it is prized simply for its rare occurrence.


Freshwater Pearl

Freshwater Pearl, not surprisingly, are associated with the element of water. They are thought to be the symbol for feminine wisdom. Their astrological signs are Cancer and Gemini. One associates pearls with purity and innocence. They are also historically, thought to be endowed with qualities of serenity, tranquility and wisdom.

The birth of a pearl is truly a story of humble beginnings. A simple grain of sand, over time, is remade into a glowing, effervescent, symbol of timeless beauty. They are spirit lifters – joy givers – elegant additions to one’s sense of self. Their value is to be found in their ability to touch the heart and promote calm and a link to the origin of all things. Pearls come in a wide variety of colors and many are dyed to achieve an even greater coloration. They are thought to aid in digestion, to shore up the immune system and to relieve emotional stress.



The name “garnet” is derived from the Latin word meaning “grain.” This seems to have been because the stone shape was thought to resemble a seed or in particular, the seed of the pomegranate.

Stories passed down through the centuries, tell us that garnets have been widely prized for thousands of years and, it is said, that Noah, used a lantern made from garnet to safely guide his Ark through the treacherous and obsidian-black nights following the great flood.

Though most commonly found and used in its red form, garnets also come in shades of green, pale to bright yellow, blue-green, blue, sun-bright orange and earth and umbra-shades.

Garnet is the birthstone for January and is listed on the Zodiac chart as the stone for Aquarius. During the Middle Ages, when stones were assigned to the planets, garnet was linked with Mars, Mercury, and Pluto.

Though no one can accurately advise the use of stones in healing as a replacement for traditional medical treatments, garnet is thought by many, when worn against the skin, to heal troubled parts of the body including, arthritis, pancreas disorders, varicose veins and problems with testicles and toenails.



The name Geode is derived from the Greek word, Geodes, which means “earthlike.” A geode is filled with tiny crystal formations. If the formations are compact and complete, it forms stones such as agate, chalcedony or jasper and is called a nodule. Inside the traditional geode, there is a hollow space and when the geode is cracked open, the beautiful and diverse formations are revealed. Each geode is unique and can vary in density, color and the drama of the crystal formations. Some of the most sought after geodes contain rare amethyst or black calcite.

In 1999, in Spain, a huge geode was discovered measuring about 26 feet. This particular geode was filled with pure white gypsum. Some of the larger crystal formations were as long as 3 feet, extending into the interior of the geode. In ancient Egypt, geodes were thought to be the eggs of birds. They are thought to bring altered states of consciousness and clearer vision. They are energy dense and are used as protective amulets. Geodes are also thought to assist in astral travel – helping one achieve one mind with the universe.



In general, glass is not thought to possess any metaphysical properties. However, everything has an “energy vibration”

of one kind or another which, is what manifests itself in metaphysical properties. Some people think that glass, by the very nature of its clarity, can help one see past falsehoods and lies and thus, bring clearer illumination of oneself and the world around them.

Fixating on glass, particularly colored glass, helps to focus one’s own energy and “settle the soul.”



Hematite is a stone that ranges in color from steel gray to almost black and, no matter what the color, all hematite stones have a rusty, reddish streak. And it is this reddish streak that is responsible for their name which, derived from the Greek word haimatites, means blood.

Hematite is mined in Australia, Brazil., Mexico, Canada, the United States and England. In the USA, it is the state mineral for Alabama where, over a span of 130 years, more than 375 million tons were mined.

In ancient times, it was thought that the stone was formed from the blood of those who had fallen in battle. In ancient Egypt, the value placed on the stone was evidenced by the fact that, very often hematite objects or raw stones were placed inside of tombs.

The healing properties of hematite are thought to include, the reduction of stress and the enhancement of a feeling of well being and optimism.

Hematite Chakras: Root (1st)

The zodiac sign for hematite is Aries and Aquarius


Herkimer Diamond

Herkimer Diamonds are not, in fact, real diamonds. They are a variety of quartz crystal that are mined from several locations in Herkimer County, New York, USA. They exhibit a high degree of clarity and are “double-pointed,” creating a very brilliant and sparkling affect. Collectors prize them as they are unusual and jewelry lovers use them to highlight other stones and to add a beautiful shimmer to their designs.

The history of Herkimer Diamonds dates back approximately 500 million years, when they were formed in the cavities along with drusy quartz crystal and tarry hydrocarbons. The Native American Mohawk tribe and other early North American settlers, discovered these brilliant stones in streams and fields and valued them for their striking appearance.

No healing properties, (see quartz) has been attributed to them directly.



Howlite was originally discovered by a 19th century Minerologist, Henry Howe, in Nova Scotia.

The stone has the odd “habit” of forming in large cauliflower-like masses. It is fairly soft in substance and white/gray in color and thus can be easily dyed and is often treated with coloring to form stones that resemble turquoise, lapis lazuli or red coral.

It is found, almost exclusively, in California, USA, where deposits of up to one hundred pounds have been mined.

Many mystical powers are associated with howlite, including: self-awareness, creativity, improved social and mental attitudes, character building and the development of a heightened sense of fair play and decent behavior. Many believe that keeping a piece of howlite in your pocket on wearing a piece of howlite jewelry, will help to keep you “on track” – eliminate procrastination and open a “third eye” into your creative soul, and illuminate past memories and previous times and lives.

From a healing perspective, howlite is thought to aid in sleeping disorders and produce a calming affect on the entire body.



“Legend tells us that when Leif Eriksson and the other legendary Viking explorers ventured far out into the Atlantic Ocean, moving away from any coastline that could help them determine their position, they had a secret gem weapon: iolite. The Viking mariners used thin pieces of iolite as the world’s first polarizing filter. Looking through an iolite lens, they were able to determine the exact position of the sun, and navigate safely to the new world and back.”

Iolite is the stone of Aquarius. Some believe that iolite has certain properties that can aid in redirecting addiction and channeling those dependencies into positive energy.

From a physical, healing perspective, iolite is used for many different ailments including: headaches, varicose veins, blisters, sore throat, and, in general, is thought to promote a healthy immune system.


Italian Glass Bead

In general, glass is not thought to possess any metaphysical properties. However, everything has an “energy vibration”

of one kind or another which, is what manifests itself in metaphysical properties. Some people think that glass, by the very nature of its clarity, can help one see past falsehoods and lies and thus, bring clearer illumination of oneself and the world around them.

Fixating on glass, particularly colored glass, helps to focus one’s own energy and “settle the soul.”



Jade is a stone of good luck! It has, it is thought, the potential to promote good health, prosperity, and best of all, love. There are some who believe that by placing a bit of jade under your pillow, you will be visited with extravagant and wonderful dreams. There are some who believe, that by placing a piece of jade in the place where you keep your money or pocket change, it will call to more wealth and help you increase your financial worth.

Jade is actually the assigned name to two different stones: jadeite and nephrite. Both are very similar in texture and suitable for jewelry making and for carving.

Jadeite comes in a wide variety of colors such as: green, lilac, white, pink, brown, red, blue, black, orange and yellow. The one we are most familiar with is emerald green or apple green – this is the most highly prized color.

Nephrite forms interlocking crystal formations that are tougher than steel. The colors it is found in vary from dark green to a very light cream color. It is often blotchy with numerous veins, striations, and deposits.

In Chinese tradition, jade symbolized the five virtues of humanity: wisdom, compassion, justice, modesty and courage. Symbols of these virtues were often carved into jade.

As a healing stone, jade has many qualities including: producing a scene of calm and well-being, strengthening internal organs and the nervous and immune systems and helping the body achieve a sense of harmony and well being. Overall, it is believed that jade will help one find an inner peace that will lead to a richer and more satisfying life.



This beautiful stone is believed, according to the Bible, to be a direct gift from God and was the original foundation stone of the New Jerusalem.

In Native American legend, jasper is a magical stone that could be called on to produce rain and also, was used by Shamans as intensely successful healing stone. 

Jasper is found in a multitude of colors and composed mostly of chalcedony and other minerals which create bands of colors and patterns. Its name, derived from Old French (jaspre) and Anglo-Norman (jaspe) and means “spotted or speckled stone.” 

As a Zodiac stone, it is aligned with Scorpio, Aries, Gemini, Leo and Virgo. Jasper has been associated, in almost every human culture, with magical and mystical powers.

It is thought to have intense healing properties and is thought to bring good luck in all areas of human endeavor: adventure, politics, economic, social and, matters of the heart. It was also though to protect against “evil” such as, snakes and spiders. Certain cultures, even today, believe that it can purify the blood, protect from negative thinking and bring calm and release from anxiety and stress.



Kunzite is a stone of fairly recent discovery; G. F. Kunz, a gemologist, came upon it at the beginning of the 20th century in America. Kunzite has a monoclinic crystal structure and is quite hardy in substance. 

There is a very strong color variation and intensity in kunzite depending on whether it is viewed from side to side or from top to bottom. 

This beautiful stone has a variety of mystical properties including, combating feelings of inadequacy and helping one to become more outgoing. It is thought that wearing kunzite will help to ease tension of tight muscles and will calm the nerves and nervous system. 

Like most stones that are believed to possess healing properties, kunzite, for best effect, should be worn directly against the skin. It is thought to promote hormonal balance and prevent conditions that may lead to heart problems. 

There are “stone healers” who believe that kunzite’s innate balancing qualities will help one fulfill their greatest potential.



There are definitely magical and mystical qualities associated with this extraordinary stone. It is said to generate a “light” energy that will attract “light” beings such as: angels, spirit guides, extraterrestrials and dream “partners.” 

Traditionally, kyanite is known as “The stone of attunement and balance.” Kyanite is linked, astrologically, to Taurus, Libra and Aries. 

It is interesting to note that kyanite is a “self-cleaning” stone and never needs cleansing. It is one of two stones like that, the other being citrine. 

There are those who believe that kyanite builds the road that travels between mind and matter and will lead you from darkness to light, from despair to joy, from hope to realization and, fulfill your dreams and desires. If you are in great need of self awareness and connection, kyanite, it is thought, is the stone that will provide you with the ability to “seek and find, yourself.” 

Kyanite can be found in clear, blue and blue green color variations. All of them are thought to aid with healing problems pertaining to muscle spasms or inflammation, and blue kyanite is especially prized for healing issues with the throat and has even been used by professional speakers and singers to calm and heal, throat problems.



Labradorite is associated with the Zodiac signs of Sagitarius, Scorpio and Leo. 

It is thought to bring about an inner awareness and spiritual healing. It is also a stone that is aligned with feelings of love and desire. Many who are active in using stones for mystical purposes, believe that labradorite will reveal your destiny to you, perhaps in dreams. 

This lovely stone is associated with a “flash” of light or color that is known as “labradorescence.” The color of the stone changes and “vibrates” depending on the angle of light refraction and may vary from blue to green to yellow to pink. In general, the most common color of the stone is a silvery gray. 

One uses labradorite as a healing stone to treat eye problems, inflammatory conditions, high blood pressure and issues of poor circulation.


Lapis Lazuli

Lapis Lazuli is a stone of clarity and awareness. It is a stone of such positive energy that it will reveal to you your own inner beauty and the truth of your gentle and generous nature. It reflects your inner light to the point of startling brilliance. 

In some ways, lapis is thought to be the stone of all knowledge and leads the wearer to a place where they see all that is and all that can be, clearly and with great insight. It helps promote serenity and harmonious relationships. 

As a healing stone, lapis lazuli helps to treat problems with the immune system, insomnia, dizziness and is thought to help restore hearing when there is damage to the inner ear. 

The astrological sign for lapis lazuli is Libra.



This gorgeous stone with the long name is often found in quartz deposits. It is associated with the heart chakra and is thought to open one’s heart to the deepest form of love. It is also thought to provide a barrier against negativity.

These startling stones are found in Namibia, Brazil, Madagascar and possibly, in Spain and India as well. Its name comes from the Greek words meaning thread or fiber. It is a fitting name, as this stone is formed as a “ribbon” inside of other stones, primarily amethyst and crystal.

Perhaps it is the lovely, gentle nature of this stone that causes it to be associated with the heart and helps you to communicate feelings of romantic love.

From an astrological perspective, lepidocrocite resonates well with all zodiac signs.



Malachite has been termed the “mirror of the soul.” It is found in colors that range from light to dark green banded. It is associated with the planet Venus and its Zodiac signs are Libra, Scorpio, and Capricorn. 

Perhaps the most significant properties that malachite is thought to possess, is its ability to open the heart to unconditional love. It is also an adventurous stone and helps one overcome fears and take risks in life and love. It exerts a force that permits one to break unwanted ties, moving away from old, unhappy patterns and embracing new responsibilities. 

It is also thought to create empathetic blending between people, ushering in a new feeling of deeper understanding and acceptance. 

In the area of healing, malachite alleviates many problems associated with female cycles and helps to boost the immune and nervous systems. Many believe that it can lower blood pressure, diminish difficulties associated with asthma, arthritis, epilepsy, fractures, swollen joints, travel sickness, vertigo and certain tumors. 

A stone that seems to have a “deep sea” swirl of green coloring, it is eye-catching and often mesmerizing in its appearance of endless depths.



Marcasite is sometimes called “white pyrite” as it has the same chemical formula (iron-based) as the imitator of gold, pyrite. Marcasite is more delicate, however, and can crumble easily so is used sparingly in jewelry – often in tiny amount in clasps and toggles. 

Marcasite is found in solid crystal form of substantial size. They can also be found in veins that have other elements, such as malachite. Marcasite is commonly found in the United States and Europe. 

The history of marcasite is traced back to the Mayans who thought there was secret knowledge to be discovered hidden in large slabs of these stones. 

Like most stones, the birth of marcasite can be found in the union of Earth and Fire and so, they ground us to the origins of their birth, and ours. 

They are thought, in a positive way, to tether the spirit to the physical form. 

Marcasite is not associated with any birth sign but are stones of the sun and of the summer sign of Leo.


Mixed Stones

We are a part of the earth and it is a part of us. We are connected to the natural world through every aspect of its energy; from the sun that warms us to the rain that cleanses us. We are connected to the animals and plants and, in a real and spiritual way, to rocks and stones and minerals. 

Historically, going back as far as recorded history, stones have been a source of energy. People believed then, and now, that there is, a “Life Force Energy” within gemstones that has the power to heal our ills and balance our lives. As technology advanced, we understood that gemstones could be used for practical as well as spiritual and aesthetic purposes. We have harnessed the inherent energy of stones to run watches and to power machines and electronic equipment. “Crystals can generate, regulate, transmit, receive, reflect, and store electromagnetic energy and light.” 

The written history of stones as objects of healing goes back thousands of years. While ancient people admired gemstones for their beauty and wore them as adornment, they also used them to ward off evil, to heal and protect, to guide and inspire and, as amulets and talismans. From Aristotle to present time, people have written studies and essays, poems and songs about the power and beauty and endless wonder of gemstones. They fascinate us – they entice us – they astound us and they enhance our lives in wondrous ways. 

Across oceans and across time, from American Indians to Ancient Egyptians, the essential beauty and power of gemstones has been a part of every culture. We continue, to this day, to seek new ways to use stones for their beauty, for their healing powers and for the magic and mystery that comes from holding the very essence of nature in the palm of your hand.



There is a bit of mystery attached to this “emerald” like green stone.  It is said that coming in contact with moldavite will set you on the path to discovering your inner self, direct you to the road that you should travel, and provide you with a greater awareness of your place in the universe.  Not only is moldavite said to energize the wearer of the stone but, it is thought that it also energizes other stones such as: amethyst, citrine and larimar – giving them greater potency to heal the body as well as the spirit.  

Moldavite was first discovered in Czechoslovakia, along the Moldau River in the 1700’s.  Some say that moldavite was hurled to the earth from outer space and melted as it passed through the earth’s atmosphere, thus forming the unusually distinctive characteristics of texture, shape and inclusions.  As a healing stone, moldavite works well with other crystals and gemstones and is thought to promote cell growth, correct hair loss and improve fertility.  

There are no magical properties associated with moldavite and its Zodiac signs are Uranus, Neptune and Pluto. 



This glorious stone (also known as water opal, wolf’s-eye, and fish-eye) is thought to be bound to the moon in mystical ways. In numerous ancient cultures, people celebrated the connection between the stone and the waxing and waning of the moon; feeling the moonstone exert an energy associated with the phases of the moon. During the waxing of the moon, the gem was used to influence lovers and during the waning, it was used to foretell the future. 

In some cultures, India for example, it is considered a sacred stone. It is only permitted to be displayed on cloth of yellow hue. When placed in a spot where the light from the moon illuminates the stone, it is believed the gem becomes endowed with magical powers. 

To own or wear a moonstone is to attract good fortune and perhaps be allowed a glimpse into the future. The stone, found mainly in Sri Lanka, shimmers with pale blue lights and is almost transparent. Moonstone also exhibits a shimmering glow and when worn on darker backgrounds seem to dance and vibrate with life and light making them ideal for jewelry of all kinds. 

They are thought to be imbued with a sensuous, feminine quality that is both attractive and perhaps, a bit hypnotic to men. 

Moonstone is thought to have the power to grant wishes, calm the soul and spirit producing a harmonious flow with the life force. 

Being a stone associated with female characteristics, it is not surprising that its healing qualities include female issues and childbirth. Placed under one’s pillow, it allows for a deeper more relaxing and restful sleep.


Mother of Pearl

Born of the sea, Mother of Pearl is connected to the Moon and Neptune. It is thought to have gentle healing powers in rhythm with the tides and the pull of the Moon on the tides. Thought to stimulate the imagination and to heighten sensitivity, this glorious gift from the sea may come in colors ranging from cream and beige to pure white or obsidian black. 

The fact the Mother of Pearl is, in fact, the mother of oysters and pearls, it is associated with birth and primordial memories of origins in the sea. A talisman of love, Mother of Pearl sings an ancient song that can be heard in the gentle, rhythmic echoes of the sea. 

Visually, Mother of Pearl shimmers with lights from within and has a wondrous reflective quality as well, turning light into the colors of the rainbow. Like all gifts from the sea, Mother of Pearl has a sense of eternity about it – here at the beginning and connecting us to the infinite possibility of the future.




This midnight-colored stone, is the stone of self control and self-imagining. By the very nature of its deep, endlessly black depths, it is a stone that is thought to ground one to oneself and to the earth. Its astrological connection is with Leo. And the element that it is associated with is, fire. 

It is seemingly obvious that such a strong, deeply substantial stone would be associated with qualities such as consistency, permanence, firmness, courage, stamina and self-control. It is a stone that is thought to have the ability to absorb and dissolve feelings of anger and negativity. It is also a stone that tends to smooth out the rough patches in life, making for a smoother, less volatile journey. Thought to enhance risk-takers and creative thinkers to expand their horizons, it is a wonderful stone for inventors, writers and dreamers. 

On an interesting note, the Egyptians believed that onyx would cool the ardor of love and reduce sexual desire thus, freeing one to pursue intellectually and spiritually creative endeavors. 

While not considered a “healing” stone, onyx never-the-less, does dispel negative energy. 

It most commonly is found in deep black coloring but, has been seen in brown with white bands and on occasion red, orange, or a honey-colored hue. It is in the family of chalcedony quartz.



There are numerous mystical and magical associations with the stone, opal. During the Middle Ages, it was believed that opal would bring great, good fortune because it contained the luck and healing powers of all of the stones whose colors could be seen in the amazingly “colorful” opal. Some people believed that one of its particularly amazing magical powers was to confer invisibility if held in the hand after being wrapped in a fresh bay leaf. 

For many years, after the publishing of a novel depicting opal as a stone of death, people shied away from buying or wearing opal. But today, it is highly prized for its glorious coloration and the lively light show it provides as it moves with the wearer. 

Opal is a hardened form of silica gel and most commonly has a water content of between 5 and 10%. It is, therefore, non-cyrstalline and unlike almost any other gemstone. 

It is the birthstone for October and is astrologically linked to Cancer, Libra, Pisces and Scorpio. There are numerous forms of opal ranging from blue opal to pink Peruvian opal to black opal – and many other variations as well. It is thought to help one communicate more freely and articulately and to facilitate facing the future with a tranquil and calm nature. Each different color opal is thought to have its own unique healing and spiritual qualities. 

A stone of romantic and sensuous beauty, it is worn by those who seek to connect with the intense energy of the natural world.



Pearls, not surprisingly, are associated with the element of water. They are thought to be the symbol for feminine wisdom. Their astrological signs are Cancer and Gemini. One associates pearls with purity and innocence. They are also historically, thought to be endowed with qualities of serenity, tranquility and wisdom. 

The birth of a pearl is truly a story of humble beginnings. A simple grain of sand, over time, is remade into a glowing, effervescent, symbol of timeless beauty. They are spirit lifters – joy givers – elegant additions to one’s sense of self. Their value is to be found in their ability to touch the heart and promote calm and a link to the origin of all things. 

Pearls come in a wide variety of colors and many are dyed to achieve an even greater coloration. They are thought to aid in digestion, to shore up the immune system and to relieve emotional stress.



This gloriously “green” stone that ranges in hue from soft-spring-grass-green to deep-dark-full-forest-in-bloom-green, is thought to be a stone of emotional healing and forgiveness. Historically, green stones have brought good luck to the wearer. 

Peridot is also thought to be a cleansing stone, helping those with addictions by removing toxins and the desire for drugs, smoking and alcohol. One of its most powerful abilities is thought to be, the way in which it can awaken the spirit and help one relate to a “Higher Power” by changing ones focus from reality to a world beyond the physical. 

There is the belief that peridot clears a pathway to the heart and helps one deal with feelings of hurt or disapproval. 

The Egyptians, Incas and Aztecs used peridot as a healing stone to treat and cleanse the heart, lungs, lymph nodes, breast, spleen and intestinal tract. 

Its Astrological signs are Leo, Virgo, Scorpio and Sagittarius. It is the birthstone for August.



The name “phython” is a bit misleading as this beautiful stone is more likely to be classified as a member of the “rock crystal” family of minerals. The name ‘rock crystal” comes from the Greek word “crystallos” – which translates into “ice formations.” 

These glorious stones were treasured by many different civilizations throughout human history. The Aztecs and the Mayans made skulls out of crystal for “ritual damnations of their enemies.” The Romans were very fond of their crystal jewelry and also used crystal for other purposes such as, stamps and vases. It was believed, by the Greeks, that drinking nectar from crystal goblets was reserved only for the Gods. 

It is thought to have many healing powers and was even used by some to try and see into the future. Some believe it can protect one from the cold by absorbing the cold and keeping it away from the body. Others believe that it can treat and cure ailments ranging from bad dreams to stress, headache to fever. 

Crystal is thought, by those who believe in the power of stones, to have many magical powers. The Greeks were certain that the Gods favored those who came to the temple carrying rock crystal in their hands. Clairvoyants used stones to reach beyond the known and scientists have studied the composition and possibilities of rock crystal for centuries.



Prehnite is a strong crystal composed of aluminum, calcium and silicon. Some stones have small iron deposits as well. It is often found in volcanic rock in places as varied as the US, Germany, Scotland, France, India, Austria, South Africa, and Canada. 

The color range for prehnite goes from bright green, to pale yellow to brown. Some of the pale brown stones actual seem to have a Tiger’s Eye effect. Green deposits have been found in Scotland, dark green and greenish brown in Australia and aggregates of crystals in France. 

Prehnite is considered to be a protective stone and one that increases energy and stimulates the physical and mental faculties. It is thought, as well, to help one gain a better knowledge of oneself and is so doing, be able to rid oneself of pain and painful memories. Perhaps its most potent quality is that it is believed to ensure that one will be able to dream and believe in the possibility of those dreams. 

Prehnite has been used by healers in diagnosing ills and, in very difficult cases, the patient is instructed to carry the stone around for a month and it is thought that the stone will retain the memory of the physical ailments and release them through meditation. 

Prehnite is associated with Taurus and Libra and is not a birthstone for any month.



Because of its resemblance to gold, pyrite has been referred to as “Fool’s Gold.” A beautiful mineral in its own right, pyrite is quite common and can be found in hundreds of places around the world. The metallic crystals that make up pyrite, grow in cubes, nodules, and masses of tiny crystals and, can sometimes be found in flat discs. 

There is evidence that pyrite has been used as a jewelry component for thousands of years dating back to the Greeks, Romans and Incas. The name “pyrite” comes from the Greek word meaning “fire.” The French refer to pyrite as “Pierre de Sante” – “stone of health,” believing it has a positive effect on the overall well-being of the body. 

Pyrite is a stone of earth and fire and thus, a perfect source of energy to assist in balancing the spirit and the mind. It is thought to increase physical stamina, increase the intellect and help to transform thought into action. 

There is little said, in literature, about the connection of pyrite to any birthstone month or any particular star sign.



Quartz is also known as rock crystal. It comes in a wide variety of colors ranging from: clear, white, pink, brown, gray, black, green, blue, orange, purple (amethyst) and yellow (citrine). These beautifully, dramatic stones are found all over the world, but most commonly in Brazil and Arkansas in the United States. 

Quartz is the most common mineral on the planet and covers a wide range of varieties including chalcedony, agate and members of the jasper family. 

While the origin of the word quartz is not known, the word crystal stems from the Greek word “krystallos” that means “ice.” There are many mystical and mythical stories surrounding quartz and they come from cultures around the world. The Japanese believed that quartz was formed from the breath of a white dragon and was the embodiment of perfection. Australian Aborigines used quartz in rituals to bring rain and even today, quartz is sometimes formed into ball shapes and used to predict (or see into) one’s future. 

The words most associated with quartz are power and clarity. Many believe that quartz enhances energy and clarifies thought. It is also thought to be a stone of harmony and may be quite helpful in cementing bonds in romantic relationships. Many use quartz as a master healer as it amplifies healing energy. It is said to draw pain away from the body and can access ancient wisdom and transport it into the present.


Rose Quartz

The pale shades of pink that define most rose quartz, leads one to think of a stone of love and lovers. In fact, rose quartz has been called “Love Stone” and “Heart Stone.” Because of its “pure and innocent” look, it is believed that it is a gem that fosters unconditional love and is often given to small children and babies in the form of bracelets or charms.It is also the stone of “self love, family love, platonic love, and romantic love. It is thought that just holding a rose quartz in your hand, or wearing one, may enhance your chances for happiness and will prove soothing to the soul. 

Many “healers” believe that rose quartz will bring a sense of calm and gentleness to oneself and to relationships. From a healing perspective, rose quartz is said to have benefits for the heart, in particular. 

On a note that resonates with some societal woes we are facing now, rose quartz is said to help one reach one’s ideal weight and make losing weight, easier.



Rhodocrosite has many names. It is referred to as the Inca Rose Stone, Raspberry Spar, Manganese Spar and, comes in a diversity of shadings from soft pink to bright red. Many rhodocrosite specimens are found with intricate patterns of swirling lines. 

There is a wonderfully mystical look to this amazing stone and it is thought to be a superb conveyor of energy. Perhaps, because one associates romance with these “blushing” colors, rhodocrosite is believed to soothe the heart, stimulate feelings of love, passion and compassion and, benefit the creative process. It is also thought, by some, to inspire one’s sense of intuition to sharpen and become more receptive. 

As a healing stone, rhodocrosite is believed to stimulate the circulation of the blood, lower blood pressure and aid in the health of organs such as the kidneys and reproductive organs. 

These remarkably beautiful gemstones are found around the world from Romania to Namibia, Mexico, the United State, Argentina, South Africa, Afghanistan, Germany, Yugoslavia, Peru, and Australia. 

It is the birthstone of September and its astrological sign is Virgo.



The word rhodonite comes from the Greek word “rhodon” which means “rosy.” This lovely stone has a distinctive pink or rosy red color with some stones containing black veins. The stones with the black markings are the most highly valued. 

Rhodonite was often given to travelers as a form of protection as people believed it would make the heart beat faster if danger was near. Some have called this lovely gem “stone of love” as it is thought to help one achieve great romantic potential. It helps to turn passionate love into a more grounded and permanent relationship and is also used for healing trauma and issues of abuse. 

One of its greatest attributes is thought to be its ability to enhance self-esteem and help in healing the spirit. To some, rhodonite is “the rescue stone” as it “rescues” one from falling into despair or negativity. This is a stone of grace and elegance and it is associated with the Zodiac signs of Taurus, Libra, and Scorpio.



Throughout history, ruby has been treasured by royalty as a stone of exceptional power, magic, and beauty. Often used as a talisman by royal figures, it is said that the magnificent ruby stone that Catherine of Aragon wore, turned dark and dull just prior to the announcement by King Henry VII, that he was about to divorce her.  Ruby is also quite favored by the Hindu people who believed that a red flame burned inside each stone and could not be extinguished by any human. 

Ruby has a range in coloration from bright red to pinkish-purple, to shades of brownish-red. Ruby is second to the diamond in hardness and has been used for centuries in jewelry making and carvings. 

Ruby is ruled by the planet Mars and thus, is thought to have powerful energy that can enhance ability and strengthen courage. 

On a purely physical level, there are many who believe that wearing ruby will increase body temperature and thus, is a wonderful stone to be worn in cold climates. 

It is the birthstone for July and is the stone of Aries.


Ruby Zoisite

There is a unique and unmistakable beauty about ruby zoisite; a crystalline aggregate of green zoisite and ruby inclusions. This lovely stone can be found in an area around Mount Kilimanjaro, in Tanzania. 

Recognizing the colorful qualities of this green and red stone, jewelers have been using it in their designs for over two centuries. 

Known for enhancing stamina and turning negative energy into a positive life force, it is also believed to help the wearer achieve goals and finish projects. 

Another stone that is connected to the heart, ruby zoisite is thought to stabilize an uneven heartbeat, to slow it down and channel nervous energy into positive directions. It is a stone of earth and fire and will help expand the journeys one takes inside the mind, to magical and mystical places.



The pure liquid quality of silver, its brilliant ability to reflect light and striking beauty, have made it a metal of choice for jewelry makers throughout the centuries. Calmer and more reserved than gold, silver is believed to enhance and heighten the power of the stones it is paired with; making their healing and spiritual qualities more powerful. 

Historically, silver was used very early on as a container for liquid, as it was discovered that it stayed fresher and purer than liquids stored in containers made of other materials. It is thought that a Persian King, Cyrus the Great (550-529BC) concerned for his people’s health, instructed that all drinking water be stored in silver vessels. Even today, silver is an important part of contemporary religious rituals. 

Silver has been mined for over a thousand years from areas around the world. The largest piece of silver ever mined, weighed 1,840 pounds and was taken out of a mine in Aspen, Colorado. 

Silver has been associated with the moon and is thought to reflect negativity back to the sender and has been worn as a magical form of protection for hundreds of years. Many people believe that silver can act as an antibacterial agent and that it can, in fact, boost the immune system. Some people even believe that ingesting silver (adding it as a purifying agent to water) will be beneficial and aid digestion. It is thought to help strengthen and channel the energy of particular gems such as: turquoise, amethyst, moonstone, and carnelian (to name a few.) Its energy is associated with water and it is paired with the Deities, Isis, Diana and Luna. Its Zodiac sign is the moon and it is associated with the star sign Cancer.


Smoky Topaz

Smoky topaz is the name for a smoky quartz gem, similar to clear quartz, which most people are familiar with. In this particular type of stone, individual crystal modules can be seen without magnification. The crystals are arranged in such a way as to form a six-sided pyramid. This lovely natural shape has made smoky topaz a popular choice as a pendant. The color of smoky topaz reminds one of dappled shadows and the colors of the stone can range from a very light tan to dark chocolate or, from a blackish gray to a hazy gray. 

The healing qualities of smoky topaz are thought to include: lightening one’s mood, alleviating depression, overcoming addictions and harmful behaviors. 

Additionally, smoky topaz is thought to improve, and restore health to all of the body organs below the waist, including the body’s digestive tract and reproductive organs. 

From a mystical perspective, smoky topaz is thought to increase awareness and mental clarity. For this reason it was used as a “scrying” stone – or, in the same way as a crystal ball, as a means of divination. Stories are told of England’s Queen Elizabeth I using smoky quartz to see into the future.



The yellow/golden color of sunstone naturally draws an association with the sun and its power. It was prized by the ancients as a gem that transferred the sun’s power into energy that could be used by magicians to bring strength and wealth. It is most commonly associated with the Phoenix that appeared at the first sunrise. 

Sunstone is a form of feldspar. A wonderfully light hearted stone, it brings joy and a love of life and living. Some sunstone (natural feldspar, most often from India) has many of the visual characteristics of an orange opal. It is flame-like and quite vital. 

The second form of sunstone, called Oregon Sunstone, mined in Oregon, in the USA, has a darker center that comes from a dense concentration of copper. 

The lively quality of this stone has associated it with good humor, a cheerful and outgoing nature and an even temperament. Perhaps due to its association with the sun, this endearing stone helps its wearer to discover potential and the brighter quality of one’s nature. It brings out laughter and a joyful personality that others find infectious and uplifting. If you find that you have difficulty in standing up for yourself or speaking out, keep sunstone handy and it will help you become a strong advocate for yourself. 

From a healing perspective, sunstone helps to diminish feelings of inadequacy and makes the world seem a more luminous place. It enhances self-esteem and self-worth. It is most powerful when worn in sunlight. Its element is fire. Its Zodiac is the sun. It is not a traditional birthstone and it is the stone of Leo, symbolizing the coming of success.


Tiger’s Eye

This riveting stone that seems to follow you as you move, most commonly comes in rich gold and earthy brown coloring. It can also be found in reds, creams, blues, and shadings of black. This most unique and prized gem is found in South Africa and Australia. 

Like its namesake, the tiger, this is a gem that is thought to provide the wearer with patience, focus, determination, awareness and the ability to act in a deliberate and cautious manner. A very strong stone, it is believed that it helps to harmonize the various elements in your life into a cohesive whole. A stone of the earth, a stone of courage and grace, a stone that illuminates with perfect clarity the world around you, Tiger’s Eye, is the perfect stone for those who suffer from anxiety, inner turmoil, and depression. 

Its healing properties are thought to include the following areas: eyes, broken bones, wounds and bruises, digestion, pain, and reproduction. It seems obvious that it would also help with night vision. 

Its elements are fire and earth. Its Zodiac signs are, Virgo, Capricorn, Leo, Pisces, and Scorpio. It is associated with Mars and the sun.



Topaz is a stone that has been revered for centuries. The ancient Greeks believed that it had wonderfully strong magical powers that protected its wearer in times of peril and even made the wearer invisible when the need arose. It was also thought to change color if it was in the presence of poison that had been placed in food or drink. Closely associated with the phases of the moon, like the moon its powers were thought to wax and wan. 

A giant topaz set in a 17th century Portuguese crown, was originally thought to be the largest diamond ever found – coming in at 1,640 carats. While quite hard in substance, it can be cracked if struck with a hard blow and so, caution should be used when wearing topaz, particularly in the form of a ring or bracelet. 

Topaz comes in a variety of colors: blue, green, clear, yellow, sherry, brown, pink and white. Each color gem has its own mystical qualities ranging from soothing emotions to helping one communicate with non-human species (i.e. horse or dog whisperer.) 

This gem has healing properties that include: calming a nervous nature, releasing tension, bringing joy in the face of depression and sadness, stimulating the metabolism and aiding digestion. It is also thought to heighten the enjoyment of food. 

It is associated with the sun and the deity Ra. Its Zodiac connection is Jupiter. It is the birthstone (yellow) for the month of November and (blue) for December. It is the stone of Sagittarius.



The “stone of many colors,” tourmaline was thought in ancient time to have glowed from within due to the fact that it had its own energy. The Egyptians believed that as the tourmaline traveled up from the center of the earth on its way towards the sun, it captured all of the colors it passed along the way, turning it into a rainbow. 

Tourmaline come in a variety of colors often with a predominant color such as: green (regulates blood pressure) black, (strengthens the musculature) blue, (promotes detoxification) watermelon (alleviates pain.) Its powers pertain to areas of relationships, enhancing one’s ability to give and receive love and friendship. 

It is also thought to have positive impact on wealth, business decisions, and energy levels. Many people believe that tourmaline can “recharge” your energy batteries and sleep with one under their pillow or in a drawer near their bed pointing towards them. 

Its Zodiac association is Saturn, Venus and Mars. It is not a traditional birthstone for any particular month. It is occasionally linked to Libra. To dream of tourmaline, is thought to mean that one is watching out for unexpected dangers.



It is hard not to be captivated by the amazing intensity and beauty of turquoise. Its color ranges from sky blue to deep green, depending on the amount of iron and copper it contains. It takes millions of years before turquoise, through a combination of just the right minerals coming together, can be formed. 

Turquoise is a gem stone prized by the Egyptians, they thought of it as a “life stone.” The oldest jewelry containing turquoise to have ever been found was on the mummified arm of Egyptian Queen Zar. She was the ruler in Egypt dating back to about 5500BC. Turquoise was also greatly valued in Tibet and it was thought that one needed to carry a turquoise stone around with them throughout one’s life. Turquoise was so highly prized, more so than gold, that it was used as currency. 

Turquoise is found around the world. As a spiritual and healing stone, it can be dated back over 7500 years to Persia. Some of the finest turquoise (and some of the earliest ever mined) comes from China, North and South America, Saudi Arabia, Tibet and a very rare form of turquoise can be found in the state of Virginia, in the USA. This turquoise forms in prismatic crystals. 

A very spiritual stone, some Native Americans believed that it was a stone that came from the sky or, was the “stone of heaven.” They also believed that the stone could connect worlds, bridging the gap between the real and the spiritual worlds. Turquoise is associated with tendencies of generosity, consideration, affection, sincerity, and fosters real friendship. The real luck in turquoise is thought to come when it is given as a gift. Both the giver and the wearer are open to the flow of good fortune. 

Like many other stones, turquoise was connected to many healing qualities. It was used by most physicians in the 15th century to counteract the affects of poison. It is most often thought to be primarily good in dealing with female issues. Its element is the earth. Its deities are Hathor, Buddha, The Great Spirit (American Indian.) 

Its Zodiac is Venus and Neptune. It is the modern birthstone for the Month of December. It is the stone of Sagittarius, Pisces, Scorpio and Aquarius.



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