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Stone Library (E-M)


The extraordinary green color that typifies the beauty, intensity, and fire that is an emerald, comes from the presence of chromium and vanadium.  Rarely does one find an emerald that has no imperfections.  In order to minimize the imperfections and enhance the brilliance, stones may be put through a process called “oiling.”  Also, perfectly cut emeralds are much less likely to have visible imperfections.  We have learned from ancient myth that the emerald was closely tied to the planet Mercury, the messenger of the Gods.  Mercury was also the God of travel – protecting travels from harm on their journeys.  It would seem to follow then, that emeralds are thought to be the Travelers Protection Stone. 

Some actually thought that emeralds could “bleed” as they may, in fact, excrete a small amount of water when subjected to high temperatures.  This phenomenon, as you might well imagine, gave rise to many dramatic and spiritual implications.  It is thought that the Hermetic philosophy and alchemy originate from the Emerald Table of Hermes.  “One legend believes that the text was carved into emerald stone by Hermes and placed into the King’s Chamber of the Great Pyramid of Cheops.  The profound symbolisms of these tablets are the cornerstone of many modern day esoteric principles such as alchemy and magick.  Additionally, scholars such as Plato, Pythagoras and Isaac Newton have all studied these writings.”  Emerald is the birthstone of May and astrologically, is the stone of Taurus and Gemini.



Like a profusely blooming flower garden, fluorite comes in a variety of colors that range from brown, pink, black to reddish-orange to blue, green, yellow, and even clear. It is often called “The Most Colorful Mineral in the World!”

The word fluorite is derived from the Latin verb meaning “to flow.” It has been used since Roman times to prevent drunkenness and was even ground into a powdery mixture and mixed with water or other liquids, during the 18Th century, to treat kidney ailments.Many specimens of the mineral fluorite display “fluorescence” under ultraviolet light. Interestingly, it is the word fluorescence that was termed from the stone ‘fluorite,” and not the other way around. The most vibrant and available of fluorite colors are violet. It often outshines even amethyst with its rich, purple hue. Collectors seek out the rarer colors such as: black (which is formed through exposure to radiation during the growth of crystals, and colorless) – though particularly beautiful, it is prized simply for its rare occurrence.


Freshwater Pearl

Freshwater Pearl, not surprisingly, are associated with the element of water. They are thought to be the symbol for feminine wisdom. Their astrological signs are Cancer and Gemini. One associates pearls with purity and innocence. They are also historically, thought to be endowed with qualities of serenity, tranquility and wisdom.

The birth of a pearl is truly a story of humble beginnings. A simple grain of sand, over time, is remade into a glowing, effervescent, symbol of timeless beauty. They are spirit lifters – joy givers – elegant additions to one’s sense of self. Their value is to be found in their ability to touch the heart and promote calm and a link to the origin of all things. Pearls come in a wide variety of colors and many are dyed to achieve an even greater coloration. They are thought to aid in digestion, to shore up the immune system and to relieve emotional stress.



The name “garnet” is derived from the Latin word meaning “grain.” This seems to have been because the stone shape was thought to resemble a seed or in particular, the seed of the pomegranate.

Stories passed down through the centuries, tell us that garnets have been widely prized for thousands of years and, it is said, that Noah, used a lantern made from garnet to safely guide his Ark through the treacherous and obsidian-black nights following the great flood.

Though most commonly found and used in its red form, garnets also come in shades of green, pale to bright yellow, blue-green, blue, sun-bright orange and earth and umbra-shades.

Garnet is the birthstone for January and is listed on the Zodiac chart as the stone for Aquarius. During the Middle Ages, when stones were assigned to the planets, garnet was linked with Mars, Mercury, and Pluto.

Though no one can accurately advise the use of stones in healing as a replacement for traditional medical treatments, garnet is thought by many, when worn against the skin, to heal troubled parts of the body including, arthritis, pancreas disorders, varicose veins and problems with testicles and toenails.



The name Geode is derived from the Greek word, Geodes, which means “earthlike.” A geode is filled with tiny crystal formations. If the formations are compact and complete, it forms stones such as agate, chalcedony or jasper and is called a nodule. Inside the traditional geode, there is a hollow space and when the geode is cracked open, the beautiful and diverse formations are revealed. Each geode is unique and can vary in density, color and the drama of the crystal formations. Some of the most sought after geodes contain rare amethyst or black calcite.

In 1999, in Spain, a huge geode was discovered measuring about 26 feet. This particular geode was filled with pure white gypsum. Some of the larger crystal formations were as long as 3 feet, extending into the interior of the geode. In ancient Egypt, geodes were thought to be the eggs of birds. They are thought to bring altered states of consciousness and clearer vision. They are energy dense and are used as protective amulets. Geodes are also thought to assist in astral travel – helping one achieve one mind with the universe.



In general, glass is not thought to possess any metaphysical properties. However, everything has an “energy vibration”

of one kind or another which, is what manifests itself in metaphysical properties. Some people think that glass, by the very nature of its clarity, can help one see past falsehoods and lies and thus, bring clearer illumination of oneself and the world around them.

Fixating on glass, particularly colored glass, helps to focus one’s own energy and “settle the soul.”



Hematite is a stone that ranges in color from steel gray to almost black and, no matter what the color, all hematite stones have a rusty, reddish streak. And it is this reddish streak that is responsible for their name which, derived from the Greek word haimatites, means blood.

Hematite is mined in Australia, Brazil., Mexico, Canada, the United States and England. In the USA, it is the state mineral for Alabama where, over a span of 130 years, more than 375 million tons were mined.

In ancient times, it was thought that the stone was formed from the blood of those who had fallen in battle. In ancient Egypt, the value placed on the stone was evidenced by the fact that, very often hematite objects or raw stones were placed inside of tombs.

The healing properties of hematite are thought to include, the reduction of stress and the enhancement of a feeling of well being and optimism.

Hematite Chakras: Root (1st)

The zodiac sign for hematite is Aries and Aquarius


Herkimer Diamond

Herkimer Diamonds are not, in fact, real diamonds. They are a variety of quartz crystal that are mined from several locations in Herkimer County, New York, USA. They exhibit a high degree of clarity and are “double-pointed,” creating a very brilliant and sparkling affect. Collectors prize them as they are unusual and jewelry lovers use them to highlight other stones and to add a beautiful shimmer to their designs.

The history of Herkimer Diamonds dates back approximately 500 million years, when they were formed in the cavities along with drusy quartz crystal and tarry hydrocarbons. The Native American Mohawk tribe and other early North American settlers, discovered these brilliant stones in streams and fields and valued them for their striking appearance.

No healing properties, (see quartz) has been attributed to them directly.



Howlite was originally discovered by a 19th century Minerologist, Henry Howe, in Nova Scotia.

The stone has the odd “habit” of forming in large cauliflower-like masses. It is fairly soft in substance and white/gray in color and thus can be easily dyed and is often treated with coloring to form stones that resemble turquoise, lapis lazuli or red coral.

It is found, almost exclusively, in California, USA, where deposits of up to one hundred pounds have been mined.

Many mystical powers are associated with howlite, including: self-awareness, creativity, improved social and mental attitudes, character building and the development of a heightened sense of fair play and decent behavior. Many believe that keeping a piece of howlite in your pocket on wearing a piece of howlite jewelry, will help to keep you “on track” – eliminate procrastination and open a “third eye” into your creative soul, and illuminate past memories and previous times and lives.

From a healing perspective, howlite is thought to aid in sleeping disorders and produce a calming affect on the entire body.



“Legend tells us that when Leif Eriksson and the other legendary Viking explorers ventured far out into the Atlantic Ocean, moving away from any coastline that could help them determine their position, they had a secret gem weapon: iolite. The Viking mariners used thin pieces of iolite as the world’s first polarizing filter. Looking through an iolite lens, they were able to determine the exact position of the sun, and navigate safely to the new world and back.”

Iolite is the stone of Aquarius. Some believe that iolite has certain properties that can aid in redirecting addiction and channeling those dependencies into positive energy.

From a physical, healing perspective, iolite is used for many different ailments including: headaches, varicose veins, blisters, sore throat, and, in general, is thought to promote a healthy immune system.


Italian Glass Bead

In general, glass is not thought to possess any metaphysical properties. However, everything has an “energy vibration”

of one kind or another which, is what manifests itself in metaphysical properties. Some people think that glass, by the very nature of its clarity, can help one see past falsehoods and lies and thus, bring clearer illumination of oneself and the world around them.

Fixating on glass, particularly colored glass, helps to focus one’s own energy and “settle the soul.”



Jade is a stone of good luck! It has, it is thought, the potential to promote good health, prosperity, and best of all, love. There are some who believe that by placing a bit of jade under your pillow, you will be visited with extravagant and wonderful dreams. There are some who believe, that by placing a piece of jade in the place where you keep your money or pocket change, it will call to more wealth and help you increase your financial worth.

Jade is actually the assigned name to two different stones: jadeite and nephrite. Both are very similar in texture and suitable for jewelry making and for carving.

Jadeite comes in a wide variety of colors such as: green, lilac, white, pink, brown, red, blue, black, orange and yellow. The one we are most familiar with is emerald green or apple green – this is the most highly prized color.

Nephrite forms interlocking crystal formations that are tougher than steel. The colors it is found in vary from dark green to a very light cream color. It is often blotchy with numerous veins, striations, and deposits.

In Chinese tradition, jade symbolized the five virtues of humanity: wisdom, compassion, justice, modesty and courage. Symbols of these virtues were often carved into jade.

As a healing stone, jade has many qualities including: producing a scene of calm and well-being, strengthening internal organs and the nervous and immune systems and helping the body achieve a sense of harmony and well being. Overall, it is believed that jade will help one find an inner peace that will lead to a richer and more satisfying life.



This beautiful stone is believed, according to the Bible, to be a direct gift from God and was the original foundation stone of the New Jerusalem.

In Native American legend, jasper is a magical stone that could be called on to produce rain and also, was used by Shamans as intensely successful healing stone. 

Jasper is found in a multitude of colors and composed mostly of chalcedony and other minerals which create bands of colors and patterns. Its name, derived from Old French (jaspre) and Anglo-Norman (jaspe) and means “spotted or speckled stone.” 

As a Zodiac stone, it is aligned with Scorpio, Aries, Gemini, Leo and Virgo. Jasper has been associated, in almost every human culture, with magical and mystical powers.

It is thought to have intense healing properties and is thought to bring good luck in all areas of human endeavor: adventure, politics, economic, social and, matters of the heart. It was also though to protect against “evil” such as, snakes and spiders. Certain cultures, even today, believe that it can purify the blood, protect from negative thinking and bring calm and release from anxiety and stress.



Kunzite is a stone of fairly recent discovery; G. F. Kunz, a gemologist, came upon it at the beginning of the 20th century in America. Kunzite has a monoclinic crystal structure and is quite hardy in substance. 

There is a very strong color variation and intensity in kunzite depending on whether it is viewed from side to side or from top to bottom. 

This beautiful stone has a variety of mystical properties including, combating feelings of inadequacy and helping one to become more outgoing. It is thought that wearing kunzite will help to ease tension of tight muscles and will calm the nerves and nervous system. 

Like most stones that are believed to possess healing properties, kunzite, for best effect, should be worn directly against the skin. It is thought to promote hormonal balance and prevent conditions that may lead to heart problems. 

There are “stone healers” who believe that kunzite’s innate balancing qualities will help one fulfill their greatest potential.



There are definitely magical and mystical qualities associated with this extraordinary stone. It is said to generate a “light” energy that will attract “light” beings such as: angels, spirit guides, extraterrestrials and dream “partners.” 

Traditionally, kyanite is known as “The stone of attunement and balance.” Kyanite is linked, astrologically, to Taurus, Libra and Aries. 

It is interesting to note that kyanite is a “self-cleaning” stone and never needs cleansing. It is one of two stones like that, the other being citrine. 

There are those who believe that kyanite builds the road that travels between mind and matter and will lead you from darkness to light, from despair to joy, from hope to realization and, fulfill your dreams and desires. If you are in great need of self awareness and connection, kyanite, it is thought, is the stone that will provide you with the ability to “seek and find, yourself.” 

Kyanite can be found in clear, blue and blue green color variations. All of them are thought to aid with healing problems pertaining to muscle spasms or inflammation, and blue kyanite is especially prized for healing issues with the throat and has even been used by professional speakers and singers to calm and heal, throat problems.



Labradorite is associated with the Zodiac signs of Sagitarius, Scorpio and Leo. 

It is thought to bring about an inner awareness and spiritual healing. It is also a stone that is aligned with feelings of love and desire. Many who are active in using stones for mystical purposes, believe that labradorite will reveal your destiny to you, perhaps in dreams. 

This lovely stone is associated with a “flash” of light or color that is known as “labradorescence.” The color of the stone changes and “vibrates” depending on the angle of light refraction and may vary from blue to green to yellow to pink. In general, the most common color of the stone is a silvery gray. 

One uses labradorite as a healing stone to treat eye problems, inflammatory conditions, high blood pressure and issues of poor circulation.


Lapis Lazuli

Lapis Lazuli is a stone of clarity and awareness. It is a stone of such positive energy that it will reveal to you your own inner beauty and the truth of your gentle and generous nature. It reflects your inner light to the point of startling brilliance. 

In some ways, lapis is thought to be the stone of all knowledge and leads the wearer to a place where they see all that is and all that can be, clearly and with great insight. It helps promote serenity and harmonious relationships. 

As a healing stone, lapis lazuli helps to treat problems with the immune system, insomnia, dizziness and is thought to help restore hearing when there is damage to the inner ear. 

The astrological sign for lapis lazuli is Libra.



This gorgeous stone with the long name is often found in quartz deposits. It is associated with the heart chakra and is thought to open one’s heart to the deepest form of love. It is also thought to provide a barrier against negativity.

These startling stones are found in Namibia, Brazil, Madagascar and possibly, in Spain and India as well. Its name comes from the Greek words meaning thread or fiber. It is a fitting name, as this stone is formed as a “ribbon” inside of other stones, primarily amethyst and crystal.

Perhaps it is the lovely, gentle nature of this stone that causes it to be associated with the heart and helps you to communicate feelings of romantic love.

From an astrological perspective, lepidocrocite resonates well with all zodiac signs.



Malachite has been termed the “mirror of the soul.” It is found in colors that range from light to dark green banded. It is associated with the planet Venus and its Zodiac signs are Libra, Scorpio, and Capricorn. 

Perhaps the most significant properties that malachite is thought to possess, is its ability to open the heart to unconditional love. It is also an adventurous stone and helps one overcome fears and take risks in life and love. It exerts a force that permits one to break unwanted ties, moving away from old, unhappy patterns and embracing new responsibilities. 

It is also thought to create empathetic blending between people, ushering in a new feeling of deeper understanding and acceptance. 

In the area of healing, malachite alleviates many problems associated with female cycles and helps to boost the immune and nervous systems. Many believe that it can lower blood pressure, diminish difficulties associated with asthma, arthritis, epilepsy, fractures, swollen joints, travel sickness, vertigo and certain tumors. 

A stone that seems to have a “deep sea” swirl of green coloring, it is eye-catching and often mesmerizing in its appearance of endless depths.



Marcasite is sometimes called “white pyrite” as it has the same chemical formula (iron-based) as the imitator of gold, pyrite. Marcasite is more delicate, however, and can crumble easily so is used sparingly in jewelry – often in tiny amount in clasps and toggles. 

Marcasite is found in solid crystal form of substantial size. They can also be found in veins that have other elements, such as malachite. Marcasite is commonly found in the United States and Europe. 

The history of marcasite is traced back to the Mayans who thought there was secret knowledge to be discovered hidden in large slabs of these stones. 

Like most stones, the birth of marcasite can be found in the union of Earth and Fire and so, they ground us to the origins of their birth, and ours. 

They are thought, in a positive way, to tether the spirit to the physical form. 

Marcasite is not associated with any birth sign but are stones of the sun and of the summer sign of Leo.


Mixed Stones

We are a part of the earth and it is a part of us. We are connected to the natural world through every aspect of its energy; from the sun that warms us to the rain that cleanses us. We are connected to the animals and plants and, in a real and spiritual way, to rocks and stones and minerals. 

Historically, going back as far as recorded history, stones have been a source of energy. People believed then, and now, that there is, a “Life Force Energy” within gemstones that has the power to heal our ills and balance our lives. As technology advanced, we understood that gemstones could be used for practical as well as spiritual and aesthetic purposes. We have harnessed the inherent energy of stones to run watches and to power machines and electronic equipment. “Crystals can generate, regulate, transmit, receive, reflect, and store electromagnetic energy and light.” 

The written history of stones as objects of healing goes back thousands of years. While ancient people admired gemstones for their beauty and wore them as adornment, they also used them to ward off evil, to heal and protect, to guide and inspire and, as amulets and talismans. From Aristotle to present time, people have written studies and essays, poems and songs about the power and beauty and endless wonder of gemstones. They fascinate us – they entice us – they astound us and they enhance our lives in wondrous ways. 

Across oceans and across time, from American Indians to Ancient Egyptians, the essential beauty and power of gemstones has been a part of every culture. We continue, to this day, to seek new ways to use stones for their beauty, for their healing powers and for the magic and mystery that comes from holding the very essence of nature in the palm of your hand.



There is a bit of mystery attached to this “emerald” like green stone.  It is said that coming in contact with moldavite will set you on the path to discovering your inner self, direct you to the road that you should travel, and provide you with a greater awareness of your place in the universe.  Not only is moldavite said to energize the wearer of the stone but, it is thought that it also energizes other stones such as: amethyst, citrine and larimar – giving them greater potency to heal the body as well as the spirit.  

Moldavite was first discovered in Czechoslovakia, along the Moldau River in the 1700’s.  Some say that moldavite was hurled to the earth from outer space and melted as it passed through the earth’s atmosphere, thus forming the unusually distinctive characteristics of texture, shape and inclusions.  As a healing stone, moldavite works well with other crystals and gemstones and is thought to promote cell growth, correct hair loss and improve fertility.  

There are no magical properties associated with moldavite and its Zodiac signs are Uranus, Neptune and Pluto. 



This glorious stone (also known as water opal, wolf’s-eye, and fish-eye) is thought to be bound to the moon in mystical ways. In numerous ancient cultures, people celebrated the connection between the stone and the waxing and waning of the moon; feeling the moonstone exert an energy associated with the phases of the moon. During the waxing of the moon, the gem was used to influence lovers and during the waning, it was used to foretell the future. 

In some cultures, India for example, it is considered a sacred stone. It is only permitted to be displayed on cloth of yellow hue. When placed in a spot where the light from the moon illuminates the stone, it is believed the gem becomes endowed with magical powers. 

To own or wear a moonstone is to attract good fortune and perhaps be allowed a glimpse into the future. The stone, found mainly in Sri Lanka, shimmers with pale blue lights and is almost transparent. Moonstone also exhibits a shimmering glow and when worn on darker backgrounds seem to dance and vibrate with life and light making them ideal for jewelry of all kinds. 

They are thought to be imbued with a sensuous, feminine quality that is both attractive and perhaps, a bit hypnotic to men. 

Moonstone is thought to have the power to grant wishes, calm the soul and spirit producing a harmonious flow with the life force. 

Being a stone associated with female characteristics, it is not surprising that its healing qualities include female issues and childbirth. Placed under one’s pillow, it allows for a deeper more relaxing and restful sleep.


Mother of Pearl

Born of the sea, Mother of Pearl is connected to the Moon and Neptune. It is thought to have gentle healing powers in rhythm with the tides and the pull of the Moon on the tides. Thought to stimulate the imagination and to heighten sensitivity, this glorious gift from the sea may come in colors ranging from cream and beige to pure white or obsidian black. 

The fact the Mother of Pearl is, in fact, the mother of oysters and pearls, it is associated with birth and primordial memories of origins in the sea. A talisman of love, Mother of Pearl sings an ancient song that can be heard in the gentle, rhythmic echoes of the sea. 

Visually, Mother of Pearl shimmers with lights from within and has a wondrous reflective quality as well, turning light into the colors of the rainbow. Like all gifts from the sea, Mother of Pearl has a sense of eternity about it – here at the beginning and connecting us to the infinite possibility of the future.




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